With around one third of its population living in poverty, Yemen is one of the poorest countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Yemen’s development planning has been dictated largely by the immediate survival needs of its population, which has constrained the government’s ability to invest in longer-term strategies for sustainable resource use and climate risk reduction. There are almost no reliable long-term climate data available for Yemen, making it even more difficult for the government to identify, anticipate, and respond to critical climate risks. Given the low adaptive and institutional capacities of Yemen’s populations and institutions, heavy dependence on fragile marine ecosystems for fishing, and severe scarcity of freshwater resources for agriculture, Yemen is extremely vulnerable to extreme weather and climate shocks. In October 2008 alone, flood damage in the country inflicted costs equal to around 6% of GDP.
...the percent of available surface and ground water that is consumed by the agriculture sector
Building on existing efforts and the goals of Yemen’s national adaptation plan, Yemen is tapping US$50 million in grant financing from the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) to support investments to mainstream and enhance climate resilience planning and action. Yemen’s PPCR strategic program is designed to reduce the vulnerability of coastal populations and integrate climate resilience and adaptation planning and capacity into the water and agricultural sectors. Designed under the leadership of the government in coordination with the World Bank (IBRD), other development partners, and key Yemeni stakeholders, Yemen’s PPCR investments will enable knowledge generation of human and ecological adaptation to climate change in a number of diverse areas and provide a framework to integrate this knowledge at the regional and national levels.