Zambia is a landlocked country in Southern Africa, and is extremely vulnerable to climate change and variability due to the low adaptive capacity of its nearly 14 million people and high dependence on climate-sensitive sectors such as agriculture and natural resources. Extreme weather and climate events, including floods and droughts, result in significant adverse impacts for Zambians’ lives and livelihoods, especially among vulnerable social groups and communities living along river basins. In addition to contributing to water and food insecurity, Zambia’s climate insecurity significantly undermines the functionality and accessibility of critical infrastructure, such as roads, of which less than 10% are paved. Droughts, floods, and other extreme weather and climate events inflict annual damages of around 0.4% GDP; without adaptation measures, the intensified effects of climate change and variability are expected to sap around 1% of Zambia’s annual GDP.
...the percent chance of a drought occurring in any given year. - Photo: africa924/Shutterstock
To solidify its efforts for creating an institutional foundation for sustainable, mainstreamed climate resilient development planning and investment, Zambia will tap US$86 million in grants and near-zero interest credits from the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR). Zambia’s PPCR strategic program was designed under the leadership of the government in coordination with the African Development Bank (AfDB), members of the World Bank Group (IBRD, IFC), other development partners, and key Zambian stakeholders. The strategic program is expected to leverage an additional US$115 million in public and private sector co-financing for targeted investments to enhance the resilience of key infrastructure, scale-up and sustain replicable investments at the local level, and serve as a catalyst for behavioral change and increased engagement among communities, policymakers, and the private sector.